|Biomechanical Analysis, Correction
and Retraining consultation with Student Emily Patterson, Joffrey
The Company (2003), Save the Last Dance (2001).
Specialist & Technical Consultant
Founder, Director of
Research & Development
Sports Medicine &
Dancescience Development Program
Nations Arts Initiative
Analysis, Correction and Retraining: Reaching the Next Level of
Performance in Classical Ballet and Olympic Development Programs.
Following a sabbatical from his medical studies in 1984, Stephen
Michael Apatow spent close to a decade as a competitive athlete, coach
pursuing advanced training in ultra distance running and cycling,
arts and Soviet ballet training to international competition in
cross country skiing and rowing. See: Community
Service, Leadership Development and Achieving The Impossible: HRI,
25 January 2015.
During this training period the continuation of intensive studies of
myology, anthrology, osteology, neurology, exercise physiology and
in conjunction with scholarships in dance and ballet training, led to
further research of the ideal postural alignment objective in the
classical ballet development program. This research encompassed an
intensive analysis of
the first through eighth year of the pedagogical system and Vaganova
training methodology as taught at the Nutmeg Conservatory for the Arts
Torrington, Connecticut. The result of this research led to the
of a specialized program that encompassed (1) the analysis of a joint
by comparison to the classical ballet mechanical ideal, (2) the
of corrective procedures to increase the elasticity of muscle-tendon
associated with a malalignment pattern, (3) functional restoration of
range of motion and flexibility and (4) retraining to enable postural
utilizing the ideal classical ballet based alignment as the objective.
In 1990, this experimental program was utilized to enhance the postural
alignment mechanics of an elite dancer Cheryl Madeux, a Nutmeg dancer
who was preparing for international ballet competitions in Lausanne and
Paris. The program yielded immediate results, including increased
hip range of motion (turnout), correction of knee, ankle foot
malalignment problems (that result from turnout below the knee), spinal
and shoulder alignment (restrictions of the shoulder complex that
affected port de bra and cervical spine alignment). Corrections were
then integrated into a concentrated retraining program that consisted
of fundamental exercise sequences at the ballet barre and integration
into all choreographed movement. A nutrition and classical ballet
specific aerobic training regimen was also developed to enhance
bodyline. The results of the one-month intensive program yielded a
rapid progression to the next technical level of performance, an
accomplishment not considered attainable through the classical ballet
daily training program alone.
The Madeux case served as a starting point for the integration of this
work into all levels of the pedagogical program at Nutmeg Ballet.
Today, In the early 90's the biomechanical analysis, correction
retraining program was adapted for athletes in Olympic and sports
programs and at the request of the medical community, orthopedic
that included entrapment neuropathies, scoliosis, rheumatoid arthritis,
asthma, fibromyalgia, friedreich ataxia, multiple sclerosis and
cases (canine, equine).
The course "Optimization of Classical Ballet
and Sports Development Programs" was first introduced in 1999 at
the National Conference for the Society of State Directors of Health,
Physical Education, and Recreation (SSDHPER - 73rd Annual Meeting
Program) for U.S. Board of Education offices and health educators
representing all 50 states. This course was formally presented as an
accredited course at the 11 state American Alliance for Health,
Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
(AAHPERD) Combined Convention on February 12, 2003 in Reno-Sparks,
International Dancescience Development Program is a collaborative
initiative of the Sports
Medicine & Science Institute,
and United Nations Arts
For additional information visit the International Dancescience
Development Program web site at:
Humanitarian Resource Institute (UN:NGO:DESA), United Nations Arts
Initiative, Pathobiologics International, and Sports
Medicine & Science Institute
International Dancescience Development Program.
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Science: Professional and Academic Experience
Exercise Physiology, Sports Medicine, Sabbatical 1984.
Full time training for ultra distance running, ultra-distance cycling,
national & international level competition in cross country skiing
Accepted to the national development camp for cycling, Olympic Training
Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado.
Through the help of Tony Johnson, heavyweight rowing coach at Yale,
began cross training sweep rowing and sculling with the New Haven
modern, jazz and ballet training at the Lee Lund Academy from 1985-88
and the Soviet System of Ballet Training at the Nutmeg Conservatory for
the Arts from 1986-89. Graduate of the Nutmeg Conservatory for the Arts
Professional Program in 1989.
Presentation at Rossignol Cross Country Ski Clinic, speakers included
Bill Koch and Lyle Nelson coordinated by Mike Gallagher, (former
Olympian and Olympic Cross-Country Ski Coach), Mountain Top Inn,
Arts: As a participant in the study of martial arts for over 20 years,
classical ballet training provided a scientific method (utilizing a
similar approach used in eastern bloc development programs) to optimize
speed, strength, leverage mechanics, force generation and technique.
Current training emphasis is Judo/Jujitsu. Founder: JudoSport
consultant for Cheryl Madeux, Finalist, Lausanne International Ballet
Competition in 1990.
consultant for U.S. National Team athletes from Harvard University,
members of World and Olympic Festival Teams. Sports applications
include professional football, national level wrestling, hockey
cross-country and downhill skiing, skating and martial arts.
at 1990 Coaches Association Meeting for Sport Canada at the Olympic
Complex in Ottawa, Canada.
request, applications of the analysis correction and retraining
procedures to enhance the joint flexibility and technical performance
for classical ballet training have been applied to musculo-skeletal
disorders that include entrapment neuropathies, Scoliosis, Rheumatoid
Arthritis, Asthma, Fibromyalgia, Frederick's Ataxia and Multiple
Sclerosis. One of our cases with Rheumatoid Arthritis was submitted to
the National Arthritis Foundation Peer Review Board in 1990. Analysis
and corrective procedures have been adapted to help spinal herniations
for physicians at Yale Medical School.
animal veterinary application of human biomechanics procedures leads to
work with hundreds of horses in dressage, hunter-jumper and western
training programs. (See: Expanding Human to Veterinary Biomechanics
Corrective procedures developed to enhance the technical ability of the
international level dancer in ballet were adapted into dressage and
hunter-jumper specific training programs for both horse and rider. This
work was formally introduced as an equestrian development program at
the USDF Adult Camp in Boise, ID in 1997. In 1998, the USDF Region V
Adult Camp in Jackson Wyoming provided USDF University Credit for the
lecture presentation on "Biomechanics and Structural Analysis of Both
Horse and Rider."
Presenter at Society of State Directors of Health, Physical Education,
and Recreation Annual Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts.
- Present: Research and development of programs associated with the
optimization of classical ballet training, Olympic development programs
and specialized orthopedic applications.
International Sports Science Association Fitness Therapist Review: The
Science and Practice of Rehabilitative Exercise integrate theory and
practice in the health care arena. This specialized field utilizes
information from the world of rehabilitation, pathology, functional
anatomy and physiology and blends it with the world of fitness training
dealing with aerobic conditioning strength training, skill development,
exercise progression and prescription for special population
"Optimization of Classical Ballet and Sports Development Programs"
workshop was introduced at the 11 state American Alliance for Health,
Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD) Combined Convention
on February 12, 2003 in Reno-Sparks, Nevada.
on faculty at the Nutmeg Conservatory for the Arts, director of the
International Dancescience Development Program. Consultancy work
sports and Olympic development programs continues through JudoSport
International, encompasses classical ballet based biomechanics training
through martial arts based technical skill development.
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